Dec 28, 2020 GKFTII
“Fasteners are the items which are used to close a garment opening.”
A fastener is the essential part of a fastening system used to hold together at least two pieces of material. It is typically a single item (button) that often works in concert with another device (buttonhole). They are decorative as well as functional. Care should be taken while selecting a fastener as they must be rust free and withstand laundering. They can be selected to match the color, design and texture of the garment.
Decorative fasteners are sewn to add beauty to the garment. Example: cartoon shaped button on the centre front line of baby’s frock with back opening.
Functional buttons sewn as closure to the garment, it helps in fitting the garment very close to the body. Example: Shirt buttons sewn in the centre front line of a men’s shirt.
Generally, fasteners are sewn in garments to create a left lap overlap the right for women and to create right lap overlap the left for men’s garment.
Types of Fasteners
Press buttons have less holding power than hooks and eyes. Press buttons are available in different sizes and weights and are used to hold edges that will not have much strain when the garment is worn. It has two sections: a stud and a socket. This is best suited for kids garment.
Hook and Eyes/Loops
Hook and Eye / loops are generally used in plackets. Hooks and eyes are used mostly in close fitting garments like blouse. They also available in different size, but circular in shape and is made out of metals. Hooks are metals with curved structure at the top with two parallel lines and finished with two circles at the bottom. Button hole stitches are made at the circles placing the hook on the garment to fix the hook onto the garment.
There are two types of eyes, namely metal and thread loops. The metal loops are sub divided as straight and “U” shaped. Both have circles at the end which is used as a mode to sew the eye to the garment with button hole stitches. Thread loops are made by sewing four to five straight stitches across the under lap to match the hook, using same colour thread as the garment.
Buttons and Button Holes:
Buttons are both functional as well as decorative. They should be selected with care to suit the colour, design and texture of the fabric and style of the garment. Decorative buttons vary in the form of glass, metal and plastic. Buttons have two or four holes. Mark the area where the button has to be sewn. Place the button and make a crosswise or vertical stitch connecting the four holes in the buttons. If the button is with a single hole in the wrong side of the button, place this on the right side of the garment, insert the needle from back side, through the garment and then pass the thread into the hole in the back side of the button and then pick the needle back into the garment.
Zippers come in a wide variety of colours, length and types. All zippers consists either a chain of metal or plastic teeth or a synthetic coil joined to a fabric tape made of cotton or cotton polyester blend.
It has stoppers at the top or bottom which keep the sliders from running off the zipper. There are three basic types of zippers available in the market.
(i)Conventional Zipper: These are zippers with exposed teeth or chain and open at the top but are held together at the bottom.
(ii)Separating Zipper: They are open at both the top and the bottom and permit the zipper opening to separate completely as in jackets with opened fronts.
(iii)Invisible Zipper: They are the newest zippers and as the name implies they are not visible in the front as they disappear into the seam. They are mostly used in skirts and in dresses.
Other types of zippers include two way zipper, trouser zipper and decorative zipper.
Velcro is the commercial name for loop and hook fasteners. Velcro is a set of two tapes one with a looped napped surface and other with a hooked napped surface. When both the surfaces are pressed together they grip and remain locked until pulled apart. They are usually made of nylon and are available in meters. They are used on cuffs, plackets, mosquito nets and other such items. Velcro is popular in infant garments.